Dyslexia is a disorder that makes it difficult for people to read. To be specific, it’s a special learning and reading disability in kids, which can make the learning of sight words extra difficult. A major reason why kids have difficulty decoding is that they often struggle with a more basic skill known as phonemic awareness-this is the ability to recognize individual sounds in words.
If you’re concerned that your child has dyslexia, here are some basic steps that you can take to make learning easier for them.
- Go into detail
Yes, Dyslexia and Mental Health in Children impacts learning, but it’s not a problem with intelligence; kids with dyslexia are equally smart as their peers. The only problem they have is mastering phonological awareness and phonemic awareness skills, which can be sharpened by a good teaching program that entails the use of audio, visual and visual/motor techniques of learning.
- Develop memory aids
A common disorder associated with dyslexia is the loss of memory of certain words. Several aids, strategies, and devices can be incorporated into a teaching program to help in remembering certain words.Mnemonics, in particular, are handy in remembering words. For instance, the instructor can create an easily remembered acronym for remembering a list.
- Incorporate visual elements
Using pictures to explain the information to the kids is a great teaching strategy. Dyslexic kids, will not be required to do any reading, which they have difficulty with, other than just looking pictures. By internalizing the picture, it makes it easy for the kid to remember a sight word if they connect it to a picture.
- Use different senses
Research indicates that kids perform optimally when they can engage all their sense. For instance, if you’re teaching them about material .i.e. sandpapers, you can cut out letters out of sandpaper and have them connect the word with a scratchy surface-this is activating the sense of touch to help the kid remember sight words associated with the texture or material.
- Provide writing and reading opportunities
In as much as they dyslexic kids are not good at writing and reading, you can guide your student’s drawing and read on paper, or even on the blackboard. When drawing or writing, place your hand on top of their hand. With time, gradually fade the level of assistance.
- Explore linguistic history
It’s a fact that some of the English words do not follow the rules of spelling. For instance, the word heir is spelled as air. By affording your students a chance to learn some of the unique words and how they are spelled, it increases word knowledge and can help students recognize sight words easily.
- Give “THINK TIME”
When answering a question, always provide ample time to the kids to allow internalization of the question. For instance, you can present the question and then pause or come back to the kid after a short while and repeat the question.
Alternatively, you can request answers from different kids to get a variation of the answer.
- Word games
Kids love playing and toying around with stuff. Why not leverage on this by providing them with “intelligence” games such as simple crosswords, logic puzzles, word puzzles and scrabble. These games are a sure way of improving their word retrieval for naming.
You’re your kid’s number one support. You are with them most of the time. Go beyond your comfort zone, show lots of love to your dyslexic kid and ensure they are fully supported. There is a long list of people who have struggled with dyslexia and gone on to have successful careers, and that includes actors, entrepreneurs and elected officials. However, they attribute their success to the practical and emotional support they had from their parent.